Google said that having data centres in Asia will help it to provide faster and "more reliable" access to its tools and services to users in the region.
The two new centres are based in Taiwan and Singapore.
"The growth in Asia's Internet has been amazing," Joe Kava, vice president of data centres at Google, said in a blogpost.
"Between July and September of this year alone, more than 60 million people in Asia landed on the mobile internet for the first time. That's almost two Canadas, or three Australias.
"And this growth probably won't slow for some time, since the majority of people that have yet to come online also happen to live in Asia," he added.
The rapid speed at which internet users in the region have been growing, has turned Asia into a key market for internet firms.
China - Asia's largest economy - has more 500 million internet users, making its the world's biggest internet market.
Meanwhile, India - the world's second most populous country after China - has seen the number of users double to 200 million just in the last two years.
It took six years to achieve a similar growth in the US, according to Google.
The firm said it plans to invest $600m (£365m) in the long run in the Taiwan data centre - the bigger of the two facilities in the region.